For the first time since the inception of the World Cup since 1938, there will be no British referee at the World Cup this summer.
The World governing football body FIFA chose 36 officials for the tournament in Russia but none from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.
Mark Clattenburg was the only Briton on Fifa’s long list of officials, collated in summer 2016, from which it would choose the final selection for Russia, but he left his job with the Premier League and forfeited his place.
Clattenburg, who was in charge of the Euro 2016 final when Portugal beat hosts France, quit his job as a top-flight official in February 2017 to become Saudi Arabia’s new head of referees.
The English Football Association asked the world governing body to replace him with another official but that request was rejected.
There are also no British officials among the 63 assistant referees selected, while video assistant referees (VAR) will be chosen from the pool of officials at the tournament.
For the first time VAR will be used at the World Cup.
The World Cup did not take place for 12 years after 1938 because of World War Two, and since it resumed in 1950 there has been at least one English referee at each tournament.
England’s Howard Webb was Britain’s sole representative at the last two World Cups in 2010 and 2014.
He took charge of the 2010 final when Spain beat the Netherlands in South Africa.
In terms of Fifa’s international list, the Football Association and referees’ association PGMOL work together to put forward their choices.
The final decision is taken by the FA Referees’ Committee and they nominated Martin Atkinson, Stuart Attwell, Robert Madley, Michael Oliver, Craig Pawson, Anthony Taylor and Paul Tierney for 2018.